Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country that has literally been to hell and back. It is a country that is full of history that you can’t even begin to understand everything that has happened in Bosnia, and everything that Bosnia is still going through.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a small heart shaped land, but do not tell a local that it is ‘small’ because they will definitely disagree. Throughout this Blog I will try to give a mini history lesson-maybe it will fill up the gaps you have about Bosnia-maybe it will have you asking even more questions.
November 25th marks statehood day in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It commemorates the day in 1943, that Bosnia and Herzegovina was reestablished by the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia. Some of you may be asking- what do you mean reestablished? Well during the Axis occupation of WWII, Yugoslavia was divided between Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary and Italy. This division created the Independent State of Croatia, the Independent State of Montenegro, the Albanian Kingdom, and Nedic Serbia.
In November 1942, the first meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia was called into session by Josip Broz Tito. In January 1943, Germany attempted to destroy the central command and primary hospital of the partisan movement. Despite the loss in lives and material, the central command remained intact, and the hospital was kept safe.
Between November 21 and November 29 in 1943, a second conference was held in the Bosnian town of Jajce. A decision was made to create a federal Yugoslavia based on the right of self-determination of nation in which the southern Slavic people—Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Montenegrins, and Macedonians: would live in six constituent republics with equal rights. This marked the historical beginning and foundation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
November 25th is a holiday and everyone has the day off in the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina.